The CDCA is a non-profit organization whose primary objective is to encourage and promote the breeding of pure-bred Canaan Dogs and to do all possible to bring their natural qualities to perfection. In addition, the CDCA aims to encourage the organization of independent local Canaan Dog specialty clubs, to do all in its power to protect and advance the interests of the breed, to conduct AKC sanctioned conformation and performance events, and to encourage sportsmanlike competition at those events.
In 1965, the late Mrs. Ursula Berkowitz of Oxnard, California, imported the first four Canaan Dogs for the establishment of the breed in the U.S. At that time the Canaan Club of America (now known as the Canaan Dog Club of America) was formed and stud book records were kept from these first imports. In 1996, the Board of Directors of the American Kennel Club voted to accept the Canaan Dog into the AKC registry and named the CDCA the "Parent Club" for the breed. In 1997, the Canaan Dog became eligible to compete in the Herding Group.
Each year the members of the CDCA elect a Board of Directors, including the President, Vice-President, Recording Secretary, Corresponding Secretary, Treasurer, and four Directors representing the eastern, central and western regions of the United States. The Board appoints members to chair Committees, as needed. The CDCA holds an Annual Specialty Show in conjunction with an Annual Meeting. The CDCA publishes a newsletter, The Canaan Kibitzer.